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Libertyville IL foreclosure attorneyHomeowners who encounter financial difficulties can sometimes struggle to make mortgage payments. Unfortunately, if a person defaults on their mortgage, their lender may begin foreclosure proceedings, which could ultimately result in the loss of their home. Those who are having trouble meeting their financial obligations will want to understand the foreclosure process and the potential defense strategies that may be available.

Steps Followed in a Foreclosure

A homeowner will be considered to have defaulted on their mortgage if they fail to make payments on time or in full. After the first missed payment, a person may receive notification from their lender that they will be charged late fees, and after a second missed payment, the lender will usually advise the borrower that they may face legal action if they do not become current on their payments. After a third missed payment or delinquency of at least 90 days, the lender may contact the homeowner letting them know that they will be beginning foreclosure proceedings. This process will involve the following steps:

  1. Demand letter - At least 30 days before filing a foreclosure lawsuit, the lender must send the homeowner a notice that they are in default. This letter will provide details about how the borrower has failed to meet their obligations, describe what needs to be done to become current on mortgage payments, and provide a deadline for when payments must be made.

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North Chicago foreclosure defense attorneyThe economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic has been significant. Many people throughout the United States have either taken a pay cut, been temporarily furloughed, or lost their jobs completely. As a result, renters and homeowners are struggling to make their monthly housing payments. While repossession and foreclosure are both processes used by creditors to reclaim property that is used as collateral for a loan, the procedures followed in each type of case are different.

Defaulting on a Loan

Repossession is common in vehicle loans. Once a person becomes delinquent on payments and the borrower is in default on the loan, the lender can take back possession of the property at any time. The foreclosure process, on the other hand, is more complicated than repossession. If someone is 120 days delinquent on his or her mortgage, the lender can begin official foreclosure proceedings by filing a complaint in court. The homeowner has 30 days to respond to the complaint.

Foreclosure refers to the legal process where real estate is taken away from a borrower. Depending on state law and the circumstances of a case, a foreclosure may be judicial or nonjudicial. Illinois law outlines specific procedures that the lending institution must go through before having a foreclosure sale. 

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Grayslake foreclosure defense attorney

Illinois foreclosure law requires a judge to follow a number of steps before approving or confirming a property sale. One of these steps is to ensure that the mortgage lender or their representative has published a proper notice of the sale. Even in the Internet age, the law requires publication of this notice via newspaper advertisements. More precisely, the notice of sale must be published for three consecutive weeks in a “newspaper circulated to the general public in the county in which the real estate is located.” In counties with more than 3 million people–i.e., Cook County–the notice must be published in the township where the property is located.

Not All Defects Warrant a Reverse of Sale

An Illinois appellate court recently rejected a homeowner's attempt to undo the judicial sale of their property due to a technical failure to follow the notice requirement. The lender filed a complaint to foreclose on the mortgage in January 2010. The judgment itself was entered more than eight years later, in October 2018. In July 2019, the lender filed a notice of sale, which was published in the Chicago Daily Law Bulletin and the “Glenview Announcements,” the latter of which is published by the Chicago Tribune.

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Libertyville foreclosure defense attorneysFacing a possible foreclosure can be a terrifying ordeal. You may worry that you will have to immediately leave your home or even become homeless. The good news is that the foreclosure process takes several months. Although even one missed mortgage payment could technically be enough to violate a mortgage contract, missing one or two mortgage payments will generally not initiate foreclosure proceedings. The majority of lenders will not start taking actions to foreclose on a home until the borrower is three or more payments behind.

Furthermore, just because foreclosure proceedings have begun does not mean you must immediately vacate your home. Illinois law considers the borrower to be the lawful occupant of the home until a judgement of possession is entered. The process of gaining a judgement of possession in Illinois usually takes nine months or more.

Illinois Homeowner’s Rights Act Gives You Certain Protections

A lender cannot simply choose to foreclose on a home out of the blue. The Illinois Homeowner’s Rights Act was passed in 2009, and it requires certain procedures to be followed before the foreclosure proceedings can begin. First, the lender will send you a notification of its intention to foreclose. Next, the lender will file a lawsuit which explains the grounds for the foreclosure request. At this point, you will have 90 days to pay the outstanding mortgage payments in order to reinstate your mortgage. If you are able to become current on your mortgage payments and resume the agreed-upon payment schedule, you will be able to keep your home.

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